Zabludow Town Seal Circa 1654

The first Jews setteled in Zabludow as early as 1522. Jewish settlement in the town took root and began to develop toward the end of the 15th century. The wooden synagogue, built in 1646 and restored in 1765, is one of the best examples of it's type in Poland. Zabludow an important commerical center, was the venue of the meetings of the Council of Lithuania in 1664 and 1667. The Russian conquest in 1660 caused great suffering to the community. The Jewish population was 2,621 by 1897 or 68% of the total population of the town. During the 19th century weaving and tanning industries developed in the town . Due to deteriorating economic conditions many Jews immigrated to the United States and other destinations between 1905-1925. Zabludow became part of the Independent Polish republic after World War I. In 1939 the community numbered about 2,000 Jews. During World War II the Jews of Zabludow were mobilized by the Germans for work in the tanneries, and as slave laborers on the roads. On November 2, 1942 1,400 Jews were deported to Treblinka death camp. Four are known to have survived. Today people with roots in Zabludow live in America, Israel, Argentina, Mexico,Canada, and elsewhere.

 

Read the "Ancient" Zabludow Pinkus (Ledger) 1647-1816

Click here for Januz Radziwill 1645 Document Setting Forth the Juridic and General Rights of Jews in Zabludow

Click here for Krzysztof Radziwill 1638 Document "allowing" Jews to Build a Synagogue in Zabludow

Click here for 1679 Document Giving Zabludow Jews Permission to Build Tenement Houses, and 1809 Document Regarding Jews and the Market Stalls.

Click here for 1799 Zabludow Taxpayer's list

Click here for the 1847 Zabludow Jewish Taxpayer's list

"How I Arrived at Yiddish", by Avraham Kotik (from the Zabludow Yizkor Book)

"My Town" by Haim Jablonsky, 1939.

Click here to learn about 1906 Bialystok Pogrom with list of victims

Bialystok Historical calendar

 

Click Below To Enlarge

1)Cemetery
   
 
2)Rabbi Subotnik
   
 
3)Prayer House
   
 
4)Library
   
 
5) "Ner Tamid"
   
 

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6)Zabludow Bank
  thm_ZabludowBank.jpg  
 

 

7)Zabludow Zionists
   
 

1) This is a photo of the grave of the "ancient" Rabbi Elchanan Zvi Hacohen. This was in the cemetery in the Southern part of town, and it was the oldest of two Jewish cemeteries in Zabludow. This cemetery no longer exists. It was distroyed by the Nazis. Many of it's Matzevah's were used by the Germans to pave roads (possibly the Bialystok to Moscow road). There is a remnant of the newer Jewish Cemetery located in the Southwestern edge of town by the road to Solniki. I have recent photos of this cemetery.

2) This is Rabbi Abraham Akiva Subotnik of Zabludow and his wife Rina Subotnik. He was Rabbi in Zabludow from 1904-1924. During World War I Rabbi Subotnik saved Zabludow from a Cossak unit of the Russian Imperial Army which was qutie determined to burn the town to the ground. He did so by offering the soldiers money if they would refrain from their incendiary activity.

3) This is the interior of the Bilsk Street Beit Ha Midrash (prayer house). The Bilsk street Beit Ha Midrash and the nearby Rabbi's house survived the war. According to the Zabludow Yizkor Book when the Germans entered the town they burned much of it. Most of the Jew's gathered at the Beit Midrash and Rabbi's house. Here is an account from Zabludow survivor testimony, "In Zabludow we didn't have a roof over our heads anymore, whoever could save anything brought it to the Christians, in all Zabludow there were left only a few houses in Bilsk Street:, the Rabbi's house and the Beit Ha Midrash. A large amount of Jews gathered there and laid there close together. The Germans forced their way into Rabbi Mirsky's house, may he rest in peace, they dragged him to the street and started beating him. . . a few Christians tried to help, and with a lot of effort they were able to release him". Rabbi Mirsky and his famiy later died in Auschwitz.

4) This is a photograph of staff of the Zabludover Yiddish Library, "I.L. Peretz". First row top right, Chaim Schlesser, the teacher Bram, Gutke Waniewski, Moti Scheps (died in Chile), and Abraham Rofe. Second row from the right, Meir Tenzer, Eliyahu Gelerstein, Itche Malchuk, and Leibl Bernstein. Third row from the right, Josef Feirstein (died in israel), Archik Introligator, and the famous teacher and poet Schmuel Chesler (died in Buenos Aires).

5) This is the Portal from the book "Ner Tamid" written by the Zabludover Rabbi Baruch Bendet, printed in 1803.

6) This is a photo taken in 1927 of a group of Zabludow men who organized to create a cooperative bank to aid Zabludow's Jews. The photo was taken on the occasion of the visit to Zabludow by Moshe Perelgut and his young son from Chicago. Eber Perelgut in Chicago, Mina Bar-On and Eli Chesler in Israel all helped to identify the people in this photo.

From left to right, sitting: Chaim Aire Rogovich, Faivel (ritual slaughterer-Shoichet), Yedidia (also a Shoichet), Ahron Hersh Chesler ("almost physician"), and an individual who was very well known and useful in the Zabludow community, Rabbi Mirski, Yaakov Chesler, the owner of the oil factory. Nachum Wagman, a big wood merchant, Mr. Lifschitz (grandfather of Michael Lifshitz, and major contributor to the Zabludow Yizkor Book).

From right to left standing: Moshe Perelgut and his little son. Chone Hershel Chesler, Fishel Chorovski, Leishke. . . (iron merchant). Leibl Resnick. Mr. Lipshitz (father of Michael). Israel Katz and Noah Feder.

From left to right standing: Yoel . . . (Der Starker- "The Strong") Moshe Baruch Chesler, Michael Lifschitz. Abe. . . Eli Halperin, Alter Gniechuski. Velvel Perelgut and Gerschon (the Schames)- caretaker of the synagogue.

7) This photo is of young Zionist activists in Zabludow. The Hebrew caption says, "Kibbutz Yavniel, Zabludow", I don't know what year it was taken, but it looks to be the middle to late 1930's. None of those in the photo are identified yet.


 

Bartnowski History

 Zabludow Synagogue

 The Bialystok Children

 The Zabludow Judenrat

 Maps

Zabludow Cemeteries

 Zabludow Landsmanshaftn

Zabludow Holocaust Page

 Links

Zabludow "Ancient" Pnkas

 

Web: 2003 Tilford Bartman